Brazing and Soldering Manufacturers Committee

Brazing and Soldering Manufacturers Committee

The BSMC is a standing committee of AWS dedicated to providign senior management members a forum to:

  • Promote plans and programs that benefit their understanding of brazing & soldering technology and development of the Industry
  • Share solutions to current industry, organizational, and business problems/opportunities
  • Promote brazing & soldering products and services worldwide
  • Promote the development of brazing & soldering equipment worldwide
  • Provide a common voice to the brazing & soldering industry, government bodies, and technical standards organizations worldwide

Duties of the Brazing & Soldering Manufacturers Committee

  • Promoting the objectives of the Society among manufacturers of brazing & soldering equipment and supplies.
  • Advising the AWS Board of Directors on programs to serve the brazing & soldering community, such as: developing a directory of brazing equipment manufacturers, and developing membership in local AWS brazing and soldering divisions.
  • Advising other AWS standing committees on developing programs, within their respective areas of expertise, that will promote the interests of the brazing and soldering industries within AWS.

WHAT IS BRAZING?

  • What is brazing?

    Definition/description of brazing

    Brazing is the joining process that relies on the melting, flow, and solidification of a brazing filler metal between the closely fitted faying surfaces of the joint by capillary action, to form a leak-tight seal, a strong structural bond, or both between materials. The components being joined undergo no melting Brazing is referred to as a joining processes performed using a filler metal having a liquidus above 840°F (450°C).

  • What is soldering?

    Definition/description of soldering

    • Soldering is a process whereby the filler metal (solder alloy) has a liquidus temperature below 450°C (842°F).

    Advantages of soldering

    • Low liquidus temperatures allow for correspondingly low process temperature (typically Δ20°C/Δ36°F above the liquidus temperature) that minimize heat damage to the base material(s).
    • Solder joints can be “unsoldered” and resoldered to repair defects.

    General requirements

    • Molten solder must wet-and-spread on the base material (faying) surface(s).
    • Wetting is the formation of a metallurgical bond between the solder and the base material.
    • Fluxes are an integral facet of the soldering process.
    • Surface finishes optimize wetting-and-spreading activity on hard-to-solder base materials such as aluminum, stainless steel, etc.
    • Solder filler metal nearly always have a lower mechanical strength than the base material.

    Soldering Applications

    • Electronics applications: solder alloys are used in the assembly of electronic products that include individual device construction, printed circuit boards, and connectors.
    • Structural applications: soldering is used to attach of conduit (pipes) together for a variety of application (potable water, chemicals, cryogenic liquids and gases) as well as for gutters and the fabrication of common light-duty products: e.g., cooking utensils, kitchen equipment and hand tools.

    The following Industries use brazing and soldering in their everyday processes.

    • Aerospace
    • Automotive
    • Electronics HVAC / Refrigeration
    • Military applications
    • Oil and Gas
    • Construction
    • Medical
    The Brazing & Soldering Manufacturers Committee (BSMC) helps to direct content on brazingandsoldering.com.

Brazing and Soldering Manufacturers Committee

Brazing and Soldering Manufacturers Committee

BrazingandSoldering.com

AWS is committed to helping to educate and put out content for different users of brazing and soldering alloys. This includes the brazing, and soldering handbooks, and other specifications for Brazing and Soldering. To the right in the white box are the quick links to further information for, specifications, training, and Q&A that is run by the different AWS C3 committees, A5H, and the Brazing and Soldering Manufacturers Committee.

AWS is committed to helping to educate and put out content for different users of brazing and soldering alloys. This includes the brazing, and soldering handbooks, and other specifications for Brazing and Soldering. To the right in the white box are the quick links to further information for, specifications, training, and Q&A that is run by the different AWS C3 committees, A5H, and the Brazing and Soldering Manufacturers Committee.

The Brazing & Soldering Manufacturers Committee (BSMC) is a standing committee of the American Welding Society dedicated to providing senior management members a forum to:

  • Promote plans and programs that benefit their understanding of brazing & soldering technology and development of the Industry
  • Share solutions to current industry, organizational, and business problems/opportunities
  • Promote brazing & soldering products and services worldwide
  • Promote the development of brazing & soldering equipment worldwide
  • Provide a common voice to the brazing & soldering industry, government bodies, and technical standards organizations worldwide

Duties of the Brazing & Soldering Manufacturers Committee

  • Promoting the objectives of the Society among manufacturers of brazing & soldering equipment and supplies.
  • Advising the AWS Board of Directors on programs to serve the brazing & soldering community, such as: developing a directory of brazing equipment manufacturers, and developing membership in local AWS brazing and soldering divisions.
  • Advising other AWS standing committees on developing programs, within their respective areas of expertise, that will promote the interests of the brazing and soldering industries within AWS.

TRADE SHOWS & CONFERENCES

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TRADE SHOWS & CONFERENCES

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Brazing and Soldering Manufacturing Committee (BSMC) members may be exhibiting or attending the following trade shows and conferences.
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BSMC Members

BSMC Members

  • James Bush, Chair (2024)
    Materials Science Engineer, The Prince & Izant Companies | 12999 Plaza Drive, Cleveland, OH 44130
    Tel: 216.362.7000 Ext 159
  • Michael Paponetti, 1st Vice Chair (2025)
    Regional Manager, Solar Atmospheres | 30 Industrial Road, Hermitage PA 16148
    Tel: 724.982.0660 Ext 2228
  • Jonathan Longabucco, 2nd Vice Chair (2024)
    Metallurgical Engineer, Lucas-Milhaupt Inc. | 234 Kilvert Street, Warwick, RI 02886
    Tel: 401.739.9550 Ext 110
  • Kevin Bulger, Secretary
    Program Manager, American Welding Society | 8669 NW 36 Street, Suite 130, Miami, FL 33166
    Tel: 305.443.9353 Ext. 307
  • Grayson L. Alexy
    Alexy Metals | 7315 Industrial Park Blvd, Mentor, OH 44060
    Tel: 216.410.8661
  • William Coughlan
    Product Manager, Metglas Inc. | 440 Allied Drive Conway, SC 29526
    Tel: 843.349.6872
  • Creed F. Darling
    Director of Technical Services, Bellman-Melcor | 7575 W 183 Street, Tinley Park, IL 60477
    Tel: 800.367.6024 Tel: 414.414.4067
  • Gary DeVries
    Brazing Product Line Manager, Radyne Corporation | 211 West Boden Street, Milwaukee, WI 53207
    Tel: 414.248.3370 Tel: 414.481.8360
  • Stephen L. Feldbauer
    Director, Engineering Abbott Furnace Co. | 1068 Trout Run Road, St. Marys, PA 15857
    Tel: 814.781.6355 Tel: 814.372.1422
  • Michael T. Graham
    Manager, The Prince & Izant Companies | 12999 Plaza Drive Cleveland, OH 44130
    Tel: 216.362.7000 Ext 267 Cel: 513.703.7751
  • Torstein Grøstad
    Development Engineer - Brazing, Höganäs AB | Bruksgatan 35, Höganäs Scania 26339, Sweden
    Tel: 46.072.535.1611

 

  • Joel Gutierrez
    Business Development Manager - Alloy Products, Wall Colmonoy | 101 W. Girard Madison Heights, MI 48071
    Tel: 346.313.9337
  • Juan Carlos Madeni
    Johns Manville | 10100 W Ute Avenue, Littleton CO 80127
    Tel: 303.978.2908
  • Ray P. McKinney
    Consultant | 3742 Long Grove Lane, Port Orange, FL 32129
    Cel: 386.290.1383
  • Dr. Toshi Oyama
    Engineer, Morgan Advanced Ceramic WESGO Metals Division | 2425 Whipple Road Hayward, CA 94544
    Tel: 510.491.1087
  • Sunder S. Rajan
    Senior Principal Engineer, Raytheon Intelligence & Space | 2000 East El Segundo Blvd Mail Stop EO/E1/F150 Room C 1323D El Segundo, CA 90245
    Tel: 310.647.1353 Tel: 310.227.3766
  • Leo A. Shapiro
    Titanium Brazing Inc. | 5977 Coventry Cross Lane Columbus, OH 43026-7388
    Tel: 614.447.3600 Ext 2725 Tel: 614.886.7519
  • Alexander E. Shapiro "Alex"
    President, Titanium Brazing Inc. | 5977 Coventry Cross Lane Columbus, OH 43026-7388
    Tel: 614.447.3600 Ext 2725 Tel: 614.886.7519
  • Ronald W. Smith
    S-Bond Technologies | 811 West 5th Street, Unit 2 Lansdale, PA 19446
    Tel: 215.631.7111 Ext 102
  • Costantino M. Volpe
    Staff Metallurgist, Senior Aerospace Metal Bellows Division | 1075 Providence Hwy Sharon, MA 02067
    Tel: 781.302.1219 Cel: 781.999.0075
  • Michael Weinstein
    Director, Technical Services, Wall Colmonoy Corporation | 550 Sand Sage Road NW Los Lunas, NM 87031
    Tel: 505.866.0101

BSMC SPECIFICATIONS, BOOKS, & PAPERS

  • Specifications & Books
  • Brazing & Soldering Papers

A2.4:2020

STANDARD SYMBOLS FOR WELDING, BRAZING, AND NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION

This standard establishes a method for specifying certain welding, brazing, and nondestructive examination information by means of symbols, including the examination method, frequency, and extent. Detailed information and examples are provided for the construction and interpretation of these symbols.

A3.0M/A3.0:2020 

STANDARD WELDING TERMS AND DEFINITIONS; INCLUDING TERMS FOR ADHESIVE BONDING, BRAZING, SOLDERING, THERMAL CUTTING, AND THERMAL SPRAYING

This standard is a glossary of the technical terms used in the welding industry. Its purpose is to establish standard terms to aid in the communication of information related to welding and allied processes. Since it is intended to be a comprehensive compilation of welding terminology, nonstandard terms used in the welding industry are also included. All terms are either standard or nonstandard.

AWS A5.31M/A5.31:2022

SPECIFICATION FOR FLUXES FOR BRAZING AND BRAZE WELDING

This specification prescribes the requirements for classification of eighteen fluxes for brazing and braze welding. They are classified according to the filler metal, form, and activity temperature range.

A5.8M/A5.8:2019

SPECIFICATION FOR FILLER METALS FOR BRAZING AND BRAZE WELDING

This specification prescribes the requirements for the classification of brazing filler metals for brazing and braze welding. The chemical composition, physical form, and packaging of more than 120 brazing filler metals are specified. 

B2.2/B2.2M:2016

B2.2/B2.2M:2016 SPECIFICATION FOR BRAZING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION

This specification provides the requirements for qualification of brazing procedure specifications, brazers, and brazing operators for manual, mechanized, and automatic brazing. 

B2.3/B2.3M:2018

B2.3/B2.3M:2018 SPECIFICATION FOR SOLDERING PROCEDURE AND PERFORMANCE QUALIFICATION

This specification provides the requirements for qualification of soldering procedure specifications, solderers, and soldering operators for manual, mechanized, and automatic soldering. 

BRH

BRH:2007 BRAZING HANDBOOK, 5th EDITION

Updated and expanded. Provides a comprehensive, organized survey of the basics of brazing, processes, and applications. Addresses the fundamentals of brazing, brazement design, brazing filler metals and fluxes, safety and health, and many other topics. 

C3.11M/C3.11:2011

C3.11M/C3.11:2011 SPECIFICATION FOR TORCH SOLDERING

 

This specification presents the minimum process and quality requirements for the torch soldering of ceramics, precious metals, and refractory metals, as well as the alloys of copper, iron, nickel, aluminum, magnesium, tin, lead, and zinc.

 

C3.12M/C3.12:2017

C3.12M/C3.12:2017 SPECIFICATION FOR FURNACE SOLDERING

This specification provides the minimum requirements for equipment, materials, processing procedures as well as inspection for metal and ceramic base materials that can be furnace soldered.

C3.14M/C3.14:2020

C3.12M/C3.12:2017 SPECIFICATION FOR FURNACE SOLDERING

This specification provides the minimum requirements for equipment, materials, processing procedures as well as inspection for metal and ceramic base materials that can be furnace soldered.

C3.2M/C3.2:2019

C3.2M/C3.2:2019-STANDARD METHOD FOR EVALUATING THE STRENGTH OF BRAZED JOINTS

This standard describes the test methods used to obtain brazed strength data of the short-time testing of single-lap joints in shear, butt-tension, stress-rupture, creep-strength, four-point-bending, and ceramic-tensile-button specimens.

C3.3:2008 (R2016)

C3.3:2008 (R2016) RECOMMENDED PRACTICES FOR THE DESIGN, MANUFACTURE, AND EXAMINATION OF CRITICAL BRAZED COMPONENTS

This standard lists the necessary steps to assure the suitability of brazed components for critical applications. Although such applications vary widely, they have certain common considerations with respect to materials, design, manufacture, and inspection.

C3.4M/C3.4:2016

C3.4M/C3.4:2016 SPECIFICATION FOR TORCH BRAZING

This specification presents the minimum fabrication, equipment, and process procedure requirements, as well as inspection requirements for the torch brazing of steels, stainless steels, copper, copper alloys, and heat- or corrosion-resistant alloys and other materials that can be adequately torch brazed.

C3.5M/C3.5:2016

C3.5M/C3.5:2016 AMD-1 SPECIFICATION FOR INDUCTION BRAZING

This specification provides the minimum fabrication, equipment, and process procedure requirements, as well as inspection requirements for the induction brazing of steels, copper, copper alloys, and heat- and corrosion-resistant alloys and other materials that can be adequately induction brazed.

C3.6M/C3.6:2016

C3.6M/C3.6:2016-AMD2-SPECIFICATION FOR FURNACE BRAZING

This specification provides the minimum fabrication, equipment, material, process and procedure requirements, as well as inspection requirements for the furnace brazing of steels, copper, copper alloys, and heat- and corrosion-resistant alloys and other materials that can be adequately furnace brazed.

C3.7M/C3.7:2011

C3.7M/C3.7-2011 SPECIFICATION FOR ALUMINUM BRAZING (HISTORICAL)

Addresses the minimum fabrication, equipment, material, process procedure requirements, and inspection requirements for aluminum brazing using the atmosphere furnace, vacuum furnace, and flux processes. ANSI Approved.

C3.8M/C3.8:2020

C3.8M/C3.8:2020 SPECIFICATION FOR THE ULTRASONIC PULSE-ECHO EXAMINATION OF BRAZED JOINTS

This specification provides the minimum requirements for the ultrasonic pulse-echo examination of brazed joints. 

C3.9M/C3.9:2020

C3.9M/C3.9:2020 SPECIFICATION FOR RESISTANCE BRAZING

This specification provides the minimum fabrication, equipment, material, and process procedure requirements, as well as discontinuity limits for the resistance brazing of steels, copper, copper alloys, heat- and corrosion-resistant alloys, and other materials that can be adequately resistance brazed. 

GHSP

GHSP Guideline for Hand Soldering Practices

This guideline will serve as a primer for students, instructors, process engineers, and technical managers involved with manufacturing processes that require hand soldering practices. 

SHB

SHB:1999 SOLDERING HANDBOOK, SOFTBOUND, 3RD ED

Contains information related to soldering processes, and solder joint performance and reliability. Covers soldering fundamentals, technology, materials, substrate materials, fluxes, pastes, assembly processes, inspection, and environment

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Welding Journal – January 2022

Welding Journal – February 2016

Welding Journal – January 2019

Welding Journal – June 2020

  • Brazing Titanium in AirThis study shows titanium can be brazed in air if the appropriate fluxes and alloys are used By Yehuda Baskin, William Avery, and Rebecca Zronek
  • The Path to Braze Quality A comprehensive evaluation of the brazing process is necessary to improve production results By Robert Henson
  • Technology News Prepared by Alexander Shapiro

Welding Journal – March 2015

Welding Journal – May 2017

Welding Journal – May 2018

Welding Journal – November 2015

Welding Journal – September 2021

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